Monday, May 1, 2017

Research Blog #10: Final Abstract and Works Cited

Sexual assault on university campuses is a pervasive and widespread problem for college women across the country. Educational institutions are aware of the occurrence of sexual violence, but many college administrations have more of an incentive to privatize the accusations. Universities attempt to protect their reputations when allegations threaten their image, athletics program, or institutional structure. The control universities have over rape cases leads to the poor support of victims and the misconceptions that the student body has about campus sexual assault. The lack of university response to instances of sexual assault leads to this “silence” on college campuses where victims choose not to report. Victims fail to report the crime and schools go to great lengths to cover them up which decreases overall awareness of this prevalent problem among young college women today. The lack of action from universities has led to a disconnect where reporting rates continue to be low and victims are refraining from using legal processes when handling instances of sexual assault.  

Works Cited
Dick, Kirby, and Amy Ziering. The Hunting Ground: The Inside Story Of Sexual Assault On American College Campuses. n.p.: Online Submission, 2016. ERIC. Web. 28 Feb. 2017.
Germain, Lauren J. Campus Sexual Assault: College Women Respond. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 2016. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 28 Feb. 2017.
Hartmann, Ashley. "Reworking Sexual Assault Response on University Campuses: Creating a Rights-Based Empowerment Model to Minimize Institutional Liability." Washington University Journal of Law & Policy, vol. 48, May 2015, p. 287. EBSCOhost,
Henrick, Stephen. “Hostile Enivornment for Student Defendants: The Ix and Sexual Assault on College Campuses.” Northern Kentucky Law Review, no. 1, 2013, p.49. EBSCOhost,
Mangan, Katherine. "Scandal Holds Baylor U. in Relentless Spotlight." The Chronicle of Higher Education[Washington D.C] 24 Mar. 2017: A21.
Mervosh, Sarah. "Baylor sex assault scandal: Everything you need to know to understand what happened." Dallas News. N.p., 22 Dec. 2016. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
Mengo, Cecilia , and Beverly M. Black. "Violence Victimization on a College Campus: Impact on GPA and School Dropout." Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice 18.2 (2016): 234-48. SAGE. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.
Profitt, Jennifer M., and Thomas F. Corrigan. "Penn State's "Success With Honor": How Institutional Structure and Brand Logic Disincentivized Disclosure." SAGE Publications(2012): 322-25. SAGE. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
Sable, Marjorie R., et al. "Barriers to Reporting Sexual Assault for Women and Men: Perspectives of College Students." Journal of American College Health, vol. 55, no. 3-, 01 Jan. 2006, pp. 157-162. EBSCOhost,
White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault. Not Alone. Rep. 2014. Print.

Friday, April 21, 2017

Literature Review #5:

(1)    Visual. 

(2)    Citation.  Mengo, Cecilia , and Beverly M. Black. "Violence Victimization on a College Campus: Impact on GPA and School Dropout." Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice 18.2 (2016): 234-48. SAGE. Web. 21 Apr. 2017.

(3)    Summary. This article is about the impact on violence victimization, specifically sexual assault, on college students. The study shows how violence victimization drop their grade point averages as well as drop out of school completely.

(4)    Author(s).  The two authors are Cecilia Mengo and Beverly M. Black. Mengo has a PhD in Social Work at the University of Texas at Arlington. All of her research is drawn from academics, personal life experiences, and her experience with working on issues of women development. Beverly M. Black has a PhD and MSSW. Dr. Black conducts research and publishes issues related to domestic violence, sexual assault, adolescent dating violence, and prevention programming. Both of the authors seem passionate and knowledgeable of violence victimization. 

(5)    Key terms.  School Dropout: a person who has abandoned a course of study or who has rejected conventional society to pursue an alternative lifestyle.

Sexual Violence: is any sexual act or attempt to obtain a sexual act by violence or coercion, acts to traffic a person or acts directed against a person's sexuality, regardless of the relationship to the victim.

(6)    Quotes.  "32.4% of college-aged women reported at least one incident of physical violence during college" (235). 
"Research on sexual victimization on college campuses has identified shock, confusion, agitation, fear, and social withdrawal as the immediate aftermath of sexual victimization violence (235). 
"Engagement, identified as a key construct in academic performance, is likely to be particularly difficult for those students who have been victimized by violence" (246).

(7)    Value.  This article will help me find information for my research question which is: why don't more college women report sexual assaults? Also, this article lets me take my argument further by explaining that colleges seem to allow victims to drop out of school as an easy way to handle sexual assault cases. Victims feel like there is no one to turn to or no where to get help and then they resort to dropping out rather than standing up to the perpetrator and getting the justice that they deserve. 

Research Blog #9: Argument and Counter-Argument

After reading many articles and cases on sexual assault, I started to develop a couple different research questions than I intended. In the beginning, my initial research question was: why don't more college women report sexual assaults? With further research, I started to question: why universities go to great lengths to cover up sexual assault crimes. My argument is that college administrations make it difficult for students to report due to possible repercussions of the perpetrator and to protect their reputation. Due to this, there is this "silence" of sexual assault on college campuses. Universities do not report sexual assaults to protect their brand and therefore, undermine this widespread and prevalent issue. In turn, this hinders victims from reporting the crime because they understand that college administrations are unwilling to help them and they refrain from stepping into the public eye to protect themselves. 

In an academic article titled, "A Hostile Environment for Student Defendants: Title IX and Sexual Assault on College Campuses" written by Stephen Henrick; he focuses on how schools are supposed to handle sexual assault cases. His point of view combats by arguments which is eye-opening because I didn't know much about the other perspectives on sexual assault crimes and how universities should handle it. Hendrick believes that the enforcement of Title IX cannot come at the expense of the civil rights of innocent people(the accused). He writes, "the law must recognize that a university has limits. Society must assign the adjudication of sexual assault to civil and criminal court system to ensure justice is concerned" (Henrick 92). I understand Henrick's side of his argument which is, the accused sometimes are wrongly convicted or the legal processes may damage the accused's academic career. Personally, I feel that his argument is insensitive to the victims. Although there may be some cases where perpetrators are wrongly accused, there are typically rape kits, bruises, and other physical evidence to prove the accusations. Not only that, victims are usually mentally and emotionally damaged after the crime. I do not believe the school should have sympathy for the perpetrators because they are putting another student life and academic career in danger. The university should feel responsible to prosecute those persons who endanger or hinder the well-being of other students.