Saturday, March 18, 2017

Literature Review #4

(1)    Visual: 

(2)    Citation: 
Sable, Marjorie R., et al. "Barriers to Reporting Sexual Assault for Women and Men: Perspectives of College Students." Journal of American College Health, vol. 55, no. 3-, 01 Jan. 2006, pp. 157-162. EBSCOhost, login.proxy.libraries.rutgers.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ767223&site=eds-live

(3)    Summary: The writers of this academic article asked college students, both men and women, what are the barriers to reporting sexual assault. They found that the same barriers exist today that did 30 years ago. Both genders expressed concerns about being embarrassed, perceived as "gay", shame, and guilt. The article goes into depth about the emotions and opinions students had about the issue of sexual assault whether they were a victim or not. 

(4)    Author(s): Marjorie Sable is a professor at the University of Missouri and her research was funded by the Department of Social Work. She is an accredited author because of her DrPH, MPH, MSW background and her interest in domestic violence and sexual assault. 

(5)    Key terms: 
Revictimization- (1) make someone a victim or sacrifice (2) punish someone unjustly, or (3) swindle or defraud someone

Sexual offense- a statutory offense that provides that it is a crime to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat

(6)    Quotes: "The terms sexual assault and sexual abuse are often used interchangeably and refer to "unwanted sexual acts — ranging from exhibitionism to penetration — that involve threats of physical force, intimidation and deception.''' (157)

"The National College Women Sexual Victimization Survey (NCWSVS) reports the rate for college women to be 27.7 rapes per 1000 female students." (157)

"In one study of 650 college-age women. 42% reported that they had been victims of sexual coercion, but only 28% of the victims sought help. Among those who did seek help, most (75%) sought it from a friend rather than from a professional" (158). 
  

(7)    Value: This article contains valuable research that is conducted on exactly what I am writing about in my paper. The writers define the most significant and common barriers students feel when they are reporting sexual assault such as saying "it was a minor incident" or "they did not want the perpetrator to get in trouble". It is important to define the reasons why victims do not feel comfortable reporting sexual assault so that they receive the emotional guidance and counseling that they deserve. This information is valuable because it is a factual study that was conducted on college students. 


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